Sciatica is a set of symptoms in the lumbar area rather than a specific disease. It may be caused by irritation or compression of any of five spinal nerve roots that lead to each sciatic nerve or by irritation or compression of the left, right or both sciatic nerves.
Symptoms can include:
Pain in the lower back and buttock
Pain, numbness or weakness in the leg and foot
Tingling or pricking in the leg
Difficulty moving or controlling the leg
Sciatica treatment Sciatica can be caused by a number of conditions including a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, trauma and pregnancy. If disc herniation is involved, most cases dissipate over weeks or months. For other causes, initial treatment is typically conservative and includes bed rest, physical therapy, or medicines such as muscle relaxers or NSAIDs (non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs).
Should sciatica symptoms persist, surgery may be recommended to relieve the pain. In most cases, a discectomy is performed, removing part of a disc or an entire disc.