Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal that can occur in any area of the spine. This narrowing, or stenosis, restricts the canal and results in a neurological deficiency. It commonly occurs in the neck (cervical spinal stenosis) and lower back (lumbar spinal stenosis).
Symptoms can include:
- Pain with ambulation
Loss of motor control
A burning, pricking or tingling sensation in the skin
Treatment for spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis symptoms can often be addressed with non-surgical treatments such as pain relievers (acetaminophen); non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs); physical therapy; weight loss; exercise that involves a forward lean (riding a stationary bike); and lumbar epidural steroid injections.
If the symptoms continue or grow worse, a surgical procedure may be required. A lumbar decompressive laminectomy removes the roof of bone over the spinal canal to decompress the nerves. Over 95% of patients who have undergone this surgery report good results.